西安艺术品交易精品推荐:日本寬永通宝

2022-07-22 17:41   来源: 互联网    阅读次数:3575

此藏品图片为程女士实物拍摄,(实物与图片一致)

藏品名称:日本寬永通宝

藏品编号:SXXAYSP-202200722-82

藏品规格:以实物为准

藏品重量:以实物为准

藏品估价:议价

宽永通宝,是日本第108代天皇水尾天皇的年号。宽永二年(1625年,明熹宗天启五年),日本开始铸造“宽永通宝”铜钱,这一款铜钱流通民间后极受欢迎,一直从水尾天皇持续铸造到孝明天皇,直到1867年才停止流通使用,共长达242年经历了十代天皇,是日本使用时间最长,铸造数量最多的铜钱。

Kanei Tongbao is the era name of the 108th emperor of Japan, Emperor Mizuo. In the second year of Kuanyong (1625, the fifth year of Emperor Xizong's Apocalypse in the Ming Dynasty), Japan began to cast "Kuanyong Tongbao" copper coins. This copper coin was extremely popular after it was circulated among the people. It has been continuously cast from Emperor Mizuo to Emperor Xiaoming until 1867. It has been out of circulation for 242 years and has experienced ten generations of emperors. It is the copper coin that has been used for the longest time and has the largest number of castings in Japan.

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据传宽永通宝早在明末清初时即流入中国,最初是中日海上贸易商贩带过来的,由于这种方孔铜钱工艺样式上和中国铜钱并没有什么区别,因此很快就在民间流传通开来,在清前期,由于统一天下和对外扩张的过程中消耗了大量的帑币,出现了钱价大跌、交易混乱的局面,致使部分周边国家的铜钱乘机流入国内,大行其道。除了宽永通宝,在清朝还出现了朝鲜王朝的“常平通宝”、安南的“光中”钱、“景胜”钱等,而日本的宽永通宝由于铸量大,流通时间久,更是极受百姓的欢迎。

It is said that Kuanyongtongbao flowed into China as early as the late Ming and early Qing dynasties. It was originally brought by Chinese and Japanese maritime traders. Since this square-hole copper coin is no different from Chinese copper coins in terms of craftsmanship, it quickly spread among the people. Tongkailai, in the early Qing Dynasty, due to the consumption of a lot of money in the process of unifying the world and expanding externally, there was a situation in which prices fell sharply and transactions were chaotic, which caused copper coins from some neighboring countries to take the opportunity to flow into the country and become popular. In addition to Kuanyong Tongbao, there also appeared in the Qing Dynasty "Changping Tongbao" of the Joseon Dynasty, "Kwangzhong" money of Annan, "Jingsheng" money, etc., and Japan's Kuanyong Tongbao due to its large casting volume and long circulation time, it is even more Very popular with the people.

到了乾隆初年,宽永通的流通程度已经引起了官府的注意,一度被怀疑为是民间私铸之钱,还另用“年号”,这是公开谋反之举。此事还惊动了乾隆皇帝,下旨江、浙、闽等沿海省份的总督彻查此事,经江苏巡抚庄有恭治下某县幕僚汪辉祖的深入调查,凭借着其见多识广,终得知这一种铜钱的来龙去脉。于是两江总督尹继善会同江苏巡抚庄有恭联合上奏,历数这种铜钱的由来。

 

得知真相的乾隆皇帝一道圣旨,即严禁商船携带倭钱,否则严惩不贷。至于民间收藏的,则由官府出面收回,至此在中国流通了近两百年的“宽永通宝”才算是正式正式停用

In the early years of Qianlong, the degree of circulation of Kuan Yongtong has attracted the attention of the government, and it was once suspected to be privately minted money by the people, and another "era name" was used, which was an act of public treason. This incident also alarmed Emperor Qianlong and ordered the governors of Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian and other coastal provinces to thoroughly investigate the matter. Know the ins and outs of this kind of copper coins. Therefore, Yin Jishan, Governor of Liangjiang and Jiangsu Governor Zhuang Yougong, made a joint performance to count the origin of this copper coin.

 

Emperor Qianlong, who learned the truth, issued an imperial decree, that is, it is strictly forbidden for merchant ships to carry Japanese money, otherwise the punishment will be severe. As for the private collection, it will be taken back by the government. So far, the "Kuanyong Tongbao", which has been circulating in China for nearly two hundred years, is officially suspended.

 

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责任编辑:郭林林
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